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International Association of Young Linguists

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Welcome to International Association of Young Lingusits

IAYL witch stands for International Association of Young Linguists is an ideal center for all kinds of linguistic activities, . Enthusiastically encourages those eager young minds both in age and in thinking. This Association is established to help linguists and linguistic life far from political boundary, cultural boundary, ethnical boundary and religious boundary. What is important is how we continue our interests, how our interests approach us together and how we can live in large linguistic family with love affection and creativity…..
In this site we have established a forum, we invite all linguists around the world to register and have discuss over boards we have created to let other know their opinion. If you liked this site you can Recommend this site to any one just within few seconds. We tried to make a Download Center Index for all stuff and also an Article Section to access to full linguistic articles without any restriction, absolutely free of charge. you don't need even any registration or stuff like that to access these parts of site. If you think you can help us we invite you to Join Us and help other people as we do. the Web Links section allow you to access other useful sites over Internet. You can find out who we are and see our beautiful Gallery and Upload Your Pictures to this site Gallery. Registration in Forum and Site are totally free, if you want to Upload any Pictures or Send any Web Link you need to register and login into site. Contacting with us is very simple. you can send your comments about any Article or Picture or Download Center by clicking on Comments Link below each one. This site has function to be viewed in 9 other languages except English, you can view our site in these languages : French , German , Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , Japanese , Korean , Chinese and Arabic . More languages will be added. Make sure to read our Term Of Use and Forum Rules before any activity in site and forum. We Hope you good hours in this site.
 
Grammar
User Rating: / 6
Scientific Board - Syntax
Contributed by Hossein Kassaie   
Wednesday, 05 December 2007


I) INTRODUCTION

Grammar, branch of linguistics dealing with the form and structure of words (morphology), and their interrelation in sentences (syntax). The study of grammar reveals how language works.

II) KINDS OF GRAMMAR

Most people first encounter grammar in connection with the study of their own or of a second language in school. This kind of grammar is called normative, or prescriptive, because it defines the role of the various parts of speech (see Parts of Speech) and purports to tell what is the norm, or rule, of “correct” usage. Prescriptive grammars state how words and sentences are to be put together in a language so that the speaker will be perceived as having good grammar. When people are said to have good or bad grammar, the inference is that they obey or ignore the rules of accepted usage associated with the language they speak.

 
South American Indian languages
User Rating: / 4
Scientific Board - General Linguistics
Contributed by Hossein Kassaie   
Tuesday, 04 December 2007

Introduction

group of languages that once covered and today still partially cover all of South America, the Antilles, and Central America to the south of a line from the Gulf of Honduras to the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica. Estimates of the number of speakers in that area in pre-Columbian times vary from 10,000,000 to 20,000,000. In the early 1980s there were approximately 15,900,000, more than three-fourths of them in the central Andean areas. Language lists include around 1,500 languages, and figures over 2,000 have been suggested. For the most part, the larger estimate refers to tribal units whose linguistic differentiation cannot be determined. Because of extinct tribes with unrecorded languages, the number of languages formerly spoken is impossible to assess. Only between 550 and 600 languages (about 120 now extinct) are attested by linguistic materials. Fragmentary knowledge hinders the distinction between language and dialect and thus renders the number of languages indeterminate.

Because the South American Indians originally came from North America, the problem of their linguistic origin involves tracing genetic affiliations with North American groups. To date only Uru-Chipaya, a language in Bolivia, is surely relatable to a Macro-Mayan phylum of North America and Mesoamerica. Hypotheses about the probable centre of dispersion of language groups within South America have been advanced for stocks like Arawakan and Tupian, based on the principle (considered questionable by some) that the area in which there is the greatest variety of dialects and languages was probably the centre from which the language groups dispersed at one time; but the regions in question seem to be refugee regions, to which certain speakers fled, rather than dispersion centres.

South America is one of the most linguistically differentiated areas of the world. Various scholars hold the plausible view that all American Indian languages are ultimately related. The great diversification in South America, in comparison with the situation of North America, can be attributed to the greater period of time that has elapsed since the South American groups lost contact among themselves. The narrow bridge that allows access to South America (i.e., the Isthmus of Panama) acted as a filter so that many intermediate links disappeared and many groups entered the southern part of the continent already linguistically differentiated.

 
Philosophy Of Language
User Rating: / 3
Scientific Board - General Linguistics
Contributed by Hossein Kassaie   
Tuesday, 04 December 2007

Introduction

philosophical investigation of the nature of language; the relations between language, language users, and the world; and the concepts with which language is described and analyzed, both in everyday speech and in scientific linguistic studies. Because its investigations are conceptual rather than empirical, the philosophy of language is distinct from linguistics, though of course it must pay attention to the facts that linguistics and related disciplines reveal.

 
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